Skin Cancer.There are many types of cancer that starts with the skin, with the most common being basal cell cancer and squamous cell cancer. Skin cancer is where cancer cells are found in the outer layer of the skin.
Anyone can have skin cancer but it is usually find more prevalent in fair skinned people that spend a lot of time in the sunlight. Skin cancer can also be found on any part of your body but is seen most often on the face, neck, hands, and arms where the skin is exposed to more sunlight.
Skin cancer may look very different on each person. It can appear as a change on the skin, a growth that will not heal, or even a small lump. Any changes in your skin should be checked by your physician.
- Malignant Melanoma
- Basal cell carcinoma
- Squamous cell carcinoma
- Sunlight and tanning
Not all of the causes above are clear reasons for concerns, but you should be more careful because of these elements.
If there is a family history of skin cancer then your changes of having skin cancer does raise.
Sunburns are among the top reasons people develop skin cancer. Skin cancer is a slow developing disease. You may not notice skin cancer for up to 20 years after sun burning.
Tanning your skin, even in a tanning salon, does damage your skin and can lead to skin cancer.
The environment has so much to do with the development of skin cancer. The amount of UV rays that actually makes it to the earth plays a major role in the development of skin cancer.
- Any change in your skin including the size or color of a mole or freckles
- Scaling skin
- Oozing places on your skin
- Bleeding from any type of spot on your skin
- Any type of enlarging of a mole or growth on your skin
- Itching, tenderness, or even pain
The affected area can be removed in some cases either by freezing or using a skin cream. Then the affected area can be tested for a better diagnosis.
Basal Cell Carcinoma can usually be removed by a minor operation. In some cases a chemotherapy type procedure may be needed either in the form of radiotherapy or a topical cream that can be applied to the affected area.
Squamous Cell Carcinoma has a risk of spreading to other areas, so it is normally removed by a surgical procedure. In some cases, radiotherapy is followed.
Melanoma will be removed surgically including a ring of normal skin that surrounds the affected area. According to the depth of the melanoma more tissue may have to be removed. In rare and severe cases a skin graft may be necessary.
In any of the above types of skin cancer chemotherapy along with other medications may be necessary to keep it under control.